Scheduled and Tribal Areas – UPSC Prelims

Scheduled and Tribal Areas are dealt with two articles:
  • Article 244:
    • This article deals with the administration of the Scheduled and Tribal Areas.
    • It defines Scheduled Areas as the areas defined so by the President of India and are mentioned in the fifth schedule of the Constitution.
  • Article 244A:
    • Formation of an autonomous state comprising certain tribal areas in Assam and creation of local legislature or Council of Ministers or both therefore.
Definition of Scheduled and Tribal Areas:
  • The areas inhabited by the socially and educationally backward ‘Aboriginals’ are called Scheduled Areas.
Administration of Scheduled and Tribal Areas:
  • There are two schedules (5th and 6th) of the Indian Constitution which entail the details about the control and management of the Scheduled and Tribal Areas.
  • Fifth Schedule of the Indian Constitution:
    • The provisions regarding the administration and control of Scheduled and Tribal Areas of any state except the four states (Assam, Meghalaya,Tripura, Mizoram) are mentioned under this schedule.
    • At present, 10 States namely Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan and Telangana have Fifth Schedule Areas.
  • Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution
    • This schedule deals with the administration and control of the scheduled and tribal areas of the four states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram.
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