Report on Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions – UPSC Prelims

Research and Consulting Firm Rhodium Group has released a report on Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
Key Findings of the report:
  • Global Greenhouse gas emissions including emissions of all six Kyoto gases have reached 52 gigatons of CO2-equivalent in 2019. This is an 11.4% increase over the past decade.
  • The six main gases under Kyoto Protocol are:
    • Carbon dioxide (CO2);
    • Methane(CH4);
    • Nitrous oxide(N2O);
    • Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs);
    • Perfluorocarbons(PFCs);
    • Sulphur hexafluoride(SF6).
  • Of the total emissions, China alone contributed more than 27% of total Global Greenhouse gas emissions. Further, China’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2019 exceeded the combined emissions of the US and other developed nations.
  • Further, China’s net emissions in 2020 increased by roughly 1.7%. This is significant as the emissions from almost all other countries are declined during the pandemic.
  • However, China’s history as a major emitter is relatively short compared to developed countries. Since 1750, members of the OECD bloc have emitted four times more CO2 on a cumulative basis than China.
  • The United States is the second-highest emitter. The US alone contributed 11% of the total Global Greenhouse gas emissions.
  • For the first time, India has surpassed the European Union and became the third-highest Global Greenhouse gas emitter. India contributed 6.6% of the total emissions.
Scroll to Top