Refugee Vs Asylum Seeker Vs Migrant – UPSC Prelims

Asylum Seeker
  • A refugee is a person who has fled their own country because they are at risk of serious human rights violations and persecution there.
  • The risks to their safety and life were so great that they felt they had no choice but to leave and seek safety outside their country.
  • This is because their own government cannot or will not protect them from those dangers.
  • Refugees have a right to international protection.
  • An asylum-seeker is a person who has left their country and is seeking protection from persecution and serious human rights violations in another country.
  • However, he/she hasn’t yet been legally recognized as a refugee and is waiting to receive a decision on their asylum claim.
  • Seeking asylum is a human right.
  • This means everyone should be allowed to enter another country to seek asylum.
  • There is no internationally accepted legal definition of a migrant.
  • Migrants can be understood to be people staying outside their country of origin, who are not asylum-seekers or refugees.
  • Some migrants leave their country because they want to work, study or join family, for example.
  • Others feel they must leave because of poverty, political unrest, gang violence, natural disasters or other serious circumstances that exist there.
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