Qatar and Saudi Arabia Solidarity Deal – UPSC Prelims

  • Since June 2017, Qatar, a tiny Gulf country with rich gas reserves, has faced a tight blockade from its neighbours, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the UAE, which are backed by Egypt.
  • Saudi Arabia had led a coalition of countries in the Gulf and beyond to cut ties and transport links with Qatar in June 2017, charging that it was too close to Iran and backed radical Islamist groups.
  • In that year, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, UAE had officially cut diplomatic ties with Qatar.
Why in news?
  • A breakthrough has been reached in Qatar’s three-year-old dispute with Saudi Arabia and three other Arab countries and an agreement to end their rift has been signed.
  • Riyadh re-opened its land, sea and air borders to Doha.
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