Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)

Ministry/Department :  Ministry of Mines

Objective: To provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs)

Scheme:

  • To implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining affected areas that complement the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government
  • To minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio-economics of people in mining districts
  • To ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas

Focus:

  • High priority areas like drinking water supply, health care, sanitation, education, skill development, women and child care, welfare of aged and disabled people, skill development and environment conservation will get at least 60 % share of the funds
  • Rest of the funds will be spent on making roads, bridges, railways, waterways projects, irrigation and alternative energy sources

About District Mineral Foundations (DMFs):

  • The Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015, mandated the setting up of District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) in all districts in the country affected by mining related operations.
  • In case of all mining leases executed before 12th January, 2015 (the date of coming into force of the Amendment Act) miners will have to contribute an amount equal to 30% of the royalty payable by them to the DMFs. Where mining leases are granted after 12.01.2015, the rate of contribution would be 10% of the royalty payable.

Factual Information:

  • Launched in 2015

Analysis:

  • The Central government has asked the states to step-up the spending under District Mineral Fund as just 24 per cent of the Rs 23,606-crore mopped up under the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) was actually spent.
  • The central government has also issued directions to ensure that there is no fund diversion or leakage.