Palk Bay – UPSC Prelims

  • Palk Bay is a semi-enclosed shallow water body between the southeast coast of India and Sri Lanka, with a water depth maximum of 13 m
  • The width of Palk Bay ranges from 57 to 107 km and the length is around 150 km.
  • It has been a source of dispute for long.
  • Efforts for delimitation of the Palk strait and Gulf of Mannar had started since 1921, but the agreements were finally signed in 1970 only.
  • The concept of International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) for Palk strait came into being through these agreements.
  • The IMBL made some former parts of India, a part of Sri Lanka.
  • So even these agreements were not free from disputes and thus could not settle the issue boundary and fishing jurisdictions permanently.
  • These loopholes in the pacts gave way to new problems, including the recurring incidents of Tamil Nadu fishermen crossing the IMBL and getting caught by the Sri Lankan authorities.

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