Notifiable disease – UPSC Prelims

Notifiable Disease:
  • A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities.
  • This will allow authorities to gather information to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks.
  • The process will also help the government to keep track and formulate a plan for elimination and control. In less infectious conditions, it improves information about the burden and distribution of disease.
  • The Centre has notified several diseases such as cholera, diphtheria, encephalitis, leprosy, meningitis, pertussis (whooping cough), plague, tuberculosis, AIDS, hepatitis, measles among others.
What is Epidemic, Pandemic, and Endemic?
  • Epidemic is a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region.
  • Pandemic is an epidemic that’s spread over multiple countries or continents.
  • Endemic is something that belongs to a particular people or country.
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