Normandy Format and Minsk Protocol – UPSC Prelims

Normandy Format:
  • The Normandy format is a diplomatic grouping created in June 2014 with the aim of finding a peaceful resolution to the conflict in Ukraine due to Russia’s military aggression.
  • It is an informal forum that was set up by France, Germany, Russia and Ukraine.
  • It takes its name from the Normandy landings in the second world war.
Minsk Protocol:
  • The Minsk Protocol is an agreement signed by representatives of Ukraine, Russia, OSCE, and the then heads of the two separatist groups, Donetsk People’s Republic and Luhansk People’s Republic, to end the war in the Donbas region.
  • The accords call for a general amnesty for the rebels, constitutional amendments giving the breakaway regions in eastern Ukraine more autonomy and the handing over of Ukraine’s borders to its army.
  • The Minsk deal has never been enforced.
Scroll to Top