Neurological disorders – UPSC Prelims

Neurological disorders:
  • Neurological disorders are medically defined as disorders that affect the brain as well as the nerves found throughout the human body and the spinal cord.
  • Categories: The three categories of neurological disorders include:
    • Non-communicable neurological disorders like Alzheimer’s disease, central nervous system cancer, Parkinson’s disease, etc.
    • Communicable neurological disorders like encephalitis etc.
    • Injury-related neurological disorders like traumatic brain injuries etc.
India State-level Study Report Findings:
  • Around 82.8% of the total neurological disorders burden in India is due to non-communicable disorders, 11.2% due to communicable ones, and 6% due to injury-related ones
  • The contribution of non-communicable and injury-related neurological disorders to the total disease burden in India has more than doubled between 1990 and 2019.
  • Reason: mainly due to the aging of the population.
  • Risk Factors: High blood pressure, air pollution, and high body-mass index were the known risk factors for the burden of the neurological disorder.
Scroll to Top