National Food Security Act, 2013 – UPSC Prelims

Ministry/Department :  Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
Aim is to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India’s population i.e. 75% in rural areas and 50% in urban areas.
  • It converts the various existing food security schemes into legal entitlements (i.e.) from welfare based approach to rights based approach.
  • It includes the Midday Meal Scheme, ICDS scheme and the PDS. It also recognizes maternity entitlements.
  • Under NFSA, each beneficiaries is entitled to 5 kilograms of food grains per month at Rs.3, Rs.2, Rs.1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains respectively.
  • However, the beneficiaries under Antyodaya Anna Yojana will keep receiving the 35 Kg per household per month at same rates.
  • It guarantees age appropriate meal, free of charge through local Anganwadi for children up to 6 months and one free meal for children in age group 6-14 years in schools.
  • Every pregnant and lactating mother is entitled to a free meal at the local Anganwadi as well as maternity benefits of Rs. 6,000, in instalments.
    Meals for children upto 14 years of age.
  • Food security allowance to beneficiaries in case of non-supply of entitled foodgrains or meals.
    Maternal benefits does not extend to Government employees.
  • The identification of eligible households is left to state governments.
  • Coverage:
    • 75% of the rural population and up to 50% of the urban population for receiving subsidized food grains under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).
    • Overall, NFSA caters to 67% of the total population.
  • Eligibility:
    • Priority Households to be covered under TPDS, according to guidelines by the State government.
    • Households covered under existing Antyodaya Anna Yojana.
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