National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) – UPSC Prelims

What is the NEET Exam [National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test]?
  • The National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET) is the qualifying test for MBBS and BDS programmes in Indian medical and dental colleges.
  • It is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA).
Background of NEET exams:
  • NEET was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court itself in 2013.
  • In 2016, the Supreme Court recalled its 2013 judgment and considered the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) afresh.
  • On this basis, the government issued an ordinance in 2016, which implemented NEET across the country.
Why is Tamil Nadu Critical of the NEET Exam?
  • Tamil Nadu considers NEET as a ‘social injustice’.
  • NEET is not a system established by the Constitution as its creation is mandated by the Medical Council of India.
  • Tamil Nadu argues that private training institutes benefit from NEET.
  • NEET is an impediment to the entitlement of poor and needy children to education.
  • NEET has limited the diversity of community representation in MBBS and higher medical courses.
  • Tamil Nadu considers that NEET is opposed to all of the Constitution’s fundamental rights.
  • The Indian Constitution is built on the principle of equality. NEET, on the other hand, is the polar opposite of equality.