National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project – UPSC Prelims

National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project(NCRMP):
  • It was launched by the Ministry of Home Affairs with the support of the World Bank. It addresses the cyclone risks in the country.
  • Aim: To undertake suitable structural and non-structural measures to mitigate the effects of cyclones in the coastal states and UTs of India.
  • Objectives:
    • Improving early warning dissemination systems
    • Enhancing the capacity of local communities to respond to disasters
    • Improving access to emergency shelter, evacuation, and protection against wind storms, flooding, and storm surge in high areas
    • Strengthening Disaster Risk Management(DRM) capacity at central, state, and local levels.
  • Implementation: National Disaster Management Authority(NDMA) in coordination with participating State Governments and the National Institute for Disaster Management (NIDM).
  • Coverage: The Project has identified 13 cyclone-prone States and Union Territories(UTs) with varying levels of vulnerability. These States/UT have further been classified into two categories:
  • Category I: Higher vulnerability States namely Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal.
  • Category II: Lower vulnerability States i.e. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Goa, Pondicherry, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu, Andaman, and the Nicobar Islands.
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