Nathu La – UPSC Prelims

Nathu La: 
  • It is a mountain pass in the Himalayas connecting Sikkim with Chumbi Valley of the Tibetan Plateau in China.
  • It is one of the three open trading border posts between China and India; the others being Shipkila in Himachal Pradesh and Lipulekh at the trisection point of Uttarakhand–India, Nepal and China.
  • The pass was sealed by India after the 1962 Sino-Indian War.However, it was reopened in 2006 to shorten the travel distance to important Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage sites in the region and give a boost to Indo-China trade.
  • It is also one of the five officially agreed Border Personnel Meeting points between the Indian and China for regular consultations and interactions between the two armies to improve relations.
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