Motions in Indian Parliament – UPSC Prelims

Various Motions in Indian Parliament:
Privilege Motion
    • It is moved by a member when he feels that a minister has committed a breach of privilege of the House or one or more of its members by withholding facts of a case or by giving wrong or distorted facts. Its purpose is to censure the concerned minister.
    • It can be moved in Rajya Sabha as well as Lok Sabha.
Censure Motion
    • It should state the reasons for its adoption in the Lok Sabha. It can be moved against an individual minister or a group of ministers or the entire council of ministers.
    • It is moved to censure the council of ministers for specific policies and actions. It can be moved only in Lok Sabha.
Call-Attention Motion
    • It is introduced in the Parliament by a member to call the attention of a minister to a matter of urgent public importance, and to seek an authoritative statement from him on that matter.
    • It can be moved in Rajya Sabha as well as Lok Sabha.
Adjournment Motion
    • It is introduced in the Lok Sabha to draw the attention of the House to a definite matter of urgent public importance. It involves an element of censure against the government.
    • It can be moved only in Lok Sabha.
No-Day-Yet-Named Motion
    • It is a motion that has been admitted by the Speaker but no date has been fixed for its discussion.
    • It can be moved in Rajya Sabha as well as Lok Sabha.
No Confidence Motion
    • Article 75 of the Constitution says that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. In other words, the Lok Sabha can remove the ministry from office by passing a no-confidence motion. The motion needs the support of 50 members to be admitted.
    • It can be moved only in Lok Sabha.
Cut Motions
    • A cut motion is a special power vested in members of the Lok Sabha to oppose a demand being discussed for specific allocation by the government in the Finance Bill as part of the Demand for Grants.
    • If the motion is adopted, it amounts to a no-confidence vote, and if the government fails to jot up numbers in the lower House, it is obliged to resign according to the norms of the House.
    • A motion may be moved to reduce the amount of a demand in any of the following ways:
    • Policy Cut Motion: It is moved so that the amount of the demand be reduced to Re.1 (represents disapproval of the policy underlying the demand).
    • Economy Cut Motions: It is moved so that the amount of the demand will be reduced by a specified amount.
    • Token Cut Motions: It is moved so that the amount of the demand is reduced by Rs.100 (expresses a specific grievance).
    • It can be moved only in Lok Sabha.