Minsk agreements – UPSC Prelims

Minsk Agreements:
  • Minsk agreements were signed to stop the ongoing conflict between pro-Russian separatists and the Ukraine administration in the Donbas region of Ukraine.
  • There were total 2 Minsk Agreements signed:
    • Minsk I : It was signed by Ukraine and the Russian-backed separatists. Its provisions included prisoner exchanges, deliveries of humanitarian aid and the withdrawal of heavy weapons. However, the agreement broke down with violations by both sides.
    • Minsk II : It was signed by Russia, Ukraine, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the leaders of pro-Russian separatist regions. The agreement set out a series of military and political steps that remain unimplemented.
  • Why in News? Russia has invaded Ukraine.

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