Medical Oxygen – UPSC Prelims

Medical Oxygen:
  • Medical oxygen is high purity oxygen suitable for use in the human body.
  • No other types of gases should be present in the medical oxygen cylinder to prevent contamination.
Applications in the medical field:
It’s applications are to:
  • Provide a basis for virtually all modern anesthetic techniques.
  • Restore tissue oxygen tension by improving oxygen availability in a wide range of conditions such as shock, severe haemorrhage, carbon monoxide poisoning, major trauma, cardiac/respiratory arrest
  • Aid resuscitation (action or process of reviving someone from unconsciousness or apparent death)
  • Provide life support for artificially ventilated patients etc.
Why is there a need for Medical Oxygen?
  • During diseases such as Covid-19 oxygen levels go down. It results in low oxygen levels in the cells in the body, not sufficient to do their normal function.
  • If the oxygen levels are low for a long time without any treatment then the cells themselves stop working completely and can actually die.
  • This may impact the organs such as the brain, heart, lungs, and kidney which may start malfunctioning, Hence, it is useful as a life-saving treatment in these extreme cases.
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