Kyrgyzstan – UPSC Prelims

  • Kyrgyzstan: It is a landlocked country in Central Asia bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
  • Capital: Bishkek.
  • Significance: It is often referred to as ‘Central Asia’s only democracy.
  • Member of? Kyrgyzstan is a member of the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO).
  • CSTO is a Russia-led military alliance formed toensure the collective defence of any member that faces external aggression.
  • Protests: The country had seen violent anti-government protests in the past. In 2005 and 2010, sitting presidents were forced out of office in popular protests- ‘Tulip’ and ‘Melon’ revolutions.

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