International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) – UPSC Prelims

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER):
  • ITER is a unique partnership of nations jointly responsible for the construction, operation, and decommissioning of an experimental fusion facility.
  • ITER  being an experimental reactor, it will allow the study of fusion reaction which governs the Sun and other Stars.
  • Nuclear fusion will take place in the form of Plasma in a Tokamak.
  • ITER Project is experimental in nature, as the name suggests.
  • It is a collaboration of six countries and one European Union (EU).
  • ITER is run, funded and designed by seven members.
  • The seven members are:
    • European Union (EU),
    • India,
    • China,
    • Japan,
    • Russia,
    • South Korea and
    • The United States.
  • The construction period of ITER is ten years, which will be followed by operation in two phases. The third is the decommissioning phase.