International Migration Report 2020 – UPSC Prelims

International Migration report 2020 has been released by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA).
Aim: To provide the estimates of the number of international migrants according to country, age and sex for all regions of the world.
Key findings for India:
  • Indian diaspora is 18 million strong. It is the largest transnational population in the world.
  • Destinations: The United Arab Emirates, the US and Saudi Arabia host the largest numbers of migrants from India.
  • Reasons for migration: Migration from India is largely motivated by labour and family reasons. Forced displacement smaller, about 106 in the total.
  • Growth in Migration: Between 2000 and 2020, India experienced the largest gain of nearly 10 million.
  • Remittances in India: India is the main recipient of remittances worldwide. In 2019, it received USD 83 billion in remittances. The World Bank projects that in 2020, the amount will decline by around 9% to about USD 76 billion.
Other Key Takeaways from the report:
  • Migrants: Currently, International Migrants represent about 3.6% of the world’s population.
  • The US is the largest receiving country of international migrants, followed by Germany, Saudi Arabia, Russia and the UK.
  • Impact of Covid-19: Covid-19 pandemic may have slowed the growth in international migrants by around two million by mid-2020.
  • Remittances: Volume of remittances sent to low-and middle-income countries is projected to reduce by 14% in 2021.
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