International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) – UPSC Prelims

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC):
  • ICRC was established in 1863 as an independent and neutral organisation.
  • It is mandated to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
  • It has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • The ICRC is funded by voluntary contributions from the States party to the Geneva Conventions, Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, public and private donors.
  • ICRC has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize three times in 1917, 1944 and 1963.
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