Initiatives to tackle Plastic – UPSC Prelims

Initiatives to Tackle Plastic:
  • Indian Initiatives:
    • Elimination of Single Use Plastic: In 2019, the Prime Minister of India pledged to eliminate all single-use plastic in the country by 2022, with an immediate ban in urban Delhi.
    • Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 state that every local body has to be responsible for setting up infrastructure for segregation, collection, processing, and disposal of plastic waste.
    • Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules 2018 introduced the concept of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR).
  • Global Initiatives:
    • Un-Plastic Collective:
      • Un-Plastic Collective (UPC) is a voluntary initiative launched by the UNEP-India, Confederation of Indian Industry and WWF-India.
      • The Collective seeks to minimise externalities of plastics on the ecological and social health of our planet.
    • Global Partnership on Marine Litter (GPML):
      • The GMPL was launched at the Earth Summit in 2012 in response to a request set out in the Manila Declaration.
    • London Convention, 1972:
      • The 1972 Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Other Matter was signed to control all sources of marine pollution and prevent pollution of the sea through regulation of dumping into the sea of waste materials.
    • Plastic Pacts:
      • The Plastics Pacts are business-led initiatives to transform the plastics packaging value chain for all formats and products.
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