India’s First Lithium Refinery – UPSC Prelims

  • Proposed refinery will process Lithium ore to produce battery-grade material.
  • Proposed by BHEL in partnership with private firms.
  • For the refinery Lithium ore would be imported from Australia as Lithium is a rare element not usually found in India.
  • With India poised to become one of the largest electric car market of the world, the refinery would help India reduce import bill on imported Lithium Ion Battery.
  • Import of Lithium-ion batteries quadrupled to 712 million batteries in 2018 from 175 million in 2016.
  • China, Hong Kong and Vietnam were the leading sources of imports.
  • Lithium-ion battery is one of the most promising electrochemical energy storage technologies owing to its high voltage capacity, high energy density, long life cycle and high storage characteristics.
  • It finds wide applications in electronic gadgets, tele-communications and Industrial applications as well as in aerospace.
  • Recent progress in Lithium-ion battery technology has made it a favourite power source for electric and hybrid electric vehicles.
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