Green Grids Initiative: One Sun One World One Grid – UPSC Prelims

What is OSOWOG?
  • The OSOWOG idea was first floated by the Indian Prime Minister in 2018 during the first assembly of the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
  • The idea behind the concept is a trans-national electricity grid supplying solar power across the globe.
  • The vision behind the OSOWOG mantra is “the Sun never sets” and is a constant at some geographical location, globally, at any given point of time.
  • OSOWOG is planned to be completed in three phases. The first phase will entail interconnectivity within the Asian continent; the second phase will add Africa, and the third phase will globalise the whole project.
  • The project has been taken up under the technical assistance programme of the World Bank.
  • In May 2021, the United Kingdom and India have agreed to jointly launch the Green Grids-One Sun One World One Grid initiative at the COP26 summit being hosted by the UK at Glasgow in November 2021. The concept of OSOWOG is what the UK has called a green grid.
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