Great Hornbill – UPSC Prelims

Great Hornbill:
  • It is one of the larger members of the hornbill family.
  • It is found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
  • Great hornbill which was earlier categorised as “Near Threatened”,  is now “Vulnerable” due to high hunting pressure coupled with habitat loss and deforestation.
    Hornbills are indicators of the health of a forest.
  • They are seed dispersers and rightly called the ‘farmers of the forest’.
  • State Bird: It is the state bird of Kerala and Arunachal Pradesh. But it is not a state bird of Nagaland although Hornbill Festival is celebrated in Nagaland.
  • CITES: Appendix I
  • Threats: Logging, Forest clearance for agriculture, susceptible to hunting pressure among others.