Great Green Wall (GGW) Initiative – UPSC Prelims

Great Green Wall (GGW) Initiative:
  • The Great Green Wall Initiative was launched in 2007 by the African Union.
  • Aim: To restore 100 million hectares of degraded land, sequester 250 million tonnes of carbon and create 10 million jobs for the people in the Sahel region of Africa by 2030.
  • Countries: The 11 countries selected as intervention zones for the Great Green Wall are Burkina Faso, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal and Sudan.
  • Status: Only four million hectares of degraded land had been restored between 2007 and 2019. This is because of the lack of financial resources.

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