Goa – UPSC Prelims

  • Goa is located on the southwestern coast of India within the region known as the Konkan, and geographically separated from the Deccan highlands by the Western Ghats.
  • Capital: Panji.
  • Official Language: Konkani which is one of the 22 languages from the Eight Schedule.
  • Borders: It is surrounded by Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the east and south, with the Arabian Sea forming its western coast.
  • History:
    • As India gained independence on 15th August, 1947, it requested the Portuguese to cede their territories. However, Portuguese refused.
    • In 1961, Indian Government launched Operation Vijay and annexed Daman and Diu islands and Goa with the Indian mainland.
    • It can be noted that the Portuguese were the first Europeans to come to India (1498) and were also the last to leave this land (1961).
    • On 30th May, 1987, the territory was split and Goa was formed. Daman and Diu remained Union Territory.

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