Global Peace Index 2021 – UPSC Prelims

Global Peace Index:
  • The Global Peace Index is released by the Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP), an international think tank.
  • Aim: The index presents the most comprehensive analysis of trends in peace. It ranks countries according to their levels of peacefulness and identifies potential determinants of peace.
  • Coverage: The index measures the peacefulness of 163 countries and territories. It covers 99.7% of the world’s population.
  • Parameters: The index is composed of 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources. These indicators are grouped into three key domains:
    • ongoing conflict
    • safety and security and
    • militarization
Key Takeaways from the index:
  • Iceland has topped the peace index.
  • Afghanistan is the least peaceful country in the world for the fourth consecutive year.
  • India has been ranked 135th in the 2021 Global Peace Index.
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