Global Geoparks vs Biosphere Reserves vs World Heritage Sites – UPSC Prelims

  • Biosphere Reserves focus on the harmonised management of biological and cultural diversity.
    • Out of 18 notified biosphere reserves, India has 12 biosphere reserves under the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR), the latest one included is Panna Biosphere Reserve.
  • World Heritage Sites promote the conservation of natural and cultural sites of outstanding universal value.
    • India has 40 world heritage sites, including 32 cultural properties, 7 natural properties and 1 mixed site.
  • UNESCO Global Geoparks give international recognition for sites that promote the importance and significance of protecting the Earth’s geodiversity through actively engaging with the local communities.
    • India does not have any UNESCO Global geopark.
Scroll to Top