Global Burden of Disease Study – UPSC Prelims

News: Lancet published Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study.
Key Takeaways:
  • Top five risk factors for death in India: air pollution (contributing to an estimated 1.67 million deaths), high blood pressure (1.47 million), tobacco use (1.23 million), poor diet (1.18 million), and high blood sugar (1.12 million).
  • Total Disease Burden: 58% of the total disease burden is due to non-communicable diseases (NCD) — up from 29% in 1990
  • Non-communicable Cause of Death: The leading non-communicable cause of death in India in 2019 was ischemic heart disease with 1.52 million deaths, followed by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke and diabetes.
  • leading risk factor for total health loss in India: child and maternal malnutrition while the second leading risk factor was air pollution.
  • Life Expectancy: 70.8 years in 2019 — ranging from 77.3 years in Kerala to 66.9 years in UP.
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