- G77 is a coalition of 134 developing nations (including China) at the United Nations.
- Traditionally G77 speaks with a single voice before the 193-member General Assembly and also at all UN committee meetings and at international conferences.
- G77 was formed on 15 June 1964 by the “Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries” issued at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
- The group was credited with a common stance against apartheid and for supporting global disarmament.
- India is a member of G77.
G77 and China
- The G77 grouping considers China as the member state. China is providing consistent political support to the G77 and even makes financial contributions.
- But it doesn’t consider itself as the member of the group.
- Hence official statements of the G77 are delivered in the name of the Group of 77 and China.
Why in news?
- Palestine has taken over the chairmanship of G77 from Egypt.
- The chairmanship of the G77 is based on the system of geographical rotation.
- 2019 was Asia’s turn and the Asian group had unanimously endorsed Palestine.
- Egypt was representing the African Group of countries.