Elderly in India 2021 Report – UPSC Prleims

  • Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation(MOSPI) has released a report titled “Elderly in India 2021”.
  • The general population has grown by 12.4% during 2011-2021 in comparison to around 18% in the earlier decade.
  • On the other hand, the elderly population has grown by 36% in2011-2021.
  • A high growth rate in the elderly population compared to the general population was also observed earlier in the two decades between 1961 and 1981.
  • Reasons: The growth in the elderly population has been attributed to the longevity of life achieved because of economic well-being, better healthcare and medical facilities and reduction in fertility rates.

Old-Age Dependency Ratio:
  • The old-age dependency ratio provides a clearer picture of the number of persons aged 60-plus per 100 persons in the age group of 15-59 years.
  • According to the report, an increasing trend has been observed in the old-age dependency ratio. It has risen from 10.9% in 1961 to 14.2% in 2011 and is further projected to increase to 15.7% and 20.1% in 2021 and 2031 respectively.
  • The projected dependency ratio for females and males is 14.8% and 16.7% respectively in 2021.
Scroll to Top