Dhawan-I – UPSC Prelims

  • Dhawan-1 is India’s first privately developed, fully cryogenic rocket engine.
  • It runs on two high-performance rocket propellants – liquid natural gas (LNG) and liquid oxygen (LoX).
  • Skyroot Aerospace, a Hyderabad-based space technology startup, has successfully test-fired the Dhawan-1 engine and is planning to launch Vikram-1 and Vikram-2 launch vehicles in a few years.
  • The engine was developed using 3D printing with a superalloy.
Vikram engine series:
  • Vikram is a series of launch vehicles to be launched by Skyroot space. These vehicles are specially crafted for the small satellite market.
  • Vikram-1:  It is based on a solid propulsion engine. After Skyroot successfully designed and developed the solid propulsion rocket engine, it became the first private firm in the country to do so.
  • Vikram-2: This vehicle is using a cryogenic engine. It will be launched into orbit in the next 2 years.
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