Country of Particular Concern – UPSC Prelims

The US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) has recommended classifying India as a Country of Particular Concern(CPC).
Reasons for recommendations:
  • Religiously Discriminatory Citizenship Amendment Act
  • Seeming police complicity in the Delhi riots
  • During COVID-19 pandemic, disinformation and hateful rhetoric including from government officials targeted religious minorities.
  • Efforts to prohibit interfaith marriage – such as those in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh among other reasons.
Suggestions by USCIRF:
  • The US administration should impose targeted sanctions on Indian individuals and entities for ‘severe violations of religious freedom’.
  • The US administration should promote interfaith dialogue and the rights of all communities at forums such as the Quad.
About Country of Particular Concern(CPC):
  • USCIRF recommends the Country of Particular Concern(CPC) designation to the US State Department.
  •  It recommends countries engaged in severe violations of religious freedom under IRFA (International Religious Freedom Act) 1998.
  • The IRFA 1998 promotes religious freedom as a foreign policy of the United States.
  • Why is the country given the CPC designation? The countries that receive this designation either engage in or tolerate systematic, ongoing, glaring violations of religious freedom.
  • In addition to its CPC recommendations, the USCIRF established a Special Watch List countries. The list includes countries which does not fit in the CPC criterion, but still engage in or tolerate severe violations of religious freedom.
Note: The recommendations given by the USCIRF are non-binding on the US Government.
Scroll to Top