Coriander – UPSC Prelims

  • Coriander is a spice produced from the round, tan-colored seeds of the coriander plant (Coriandrum sativum).
  • All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds (as a spice) are the parts most traditionally used in cooking.
  • It is also known as Chinese parsley, dhania or cilantro.
  • The Hadoti region of South-East Rajasthan and Guna district of Madhya Pradesh are known for coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) production and contributes major share in coriander export from the country.
  • Ramganj APMC Mandi located at Kota district is the largest coriander mandi in Asia, and thus Ramganj is also known as the ‘Coriander city’.
  • Recently, GOI’s Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MOFPI) has assigned ‘Coriander’ to the district of Kota in the list of One District One Product (ODOP).