Chang’e-5 probe – UPSC Prelims

  • China launched its Chang’e-5 probe at Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site in southern Hainan Province.
  • Chang’e-5 Mission is a Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA) lunar sample return mission.
  • Aim: To land in the Mons Rumker region of the moon, operate for one lunar day(two weeks) and return a 2 kg sample of lunar regolith possibly from as deep as 2 meters.
  • Significance: It will help scientists learn about the Moon’s origins, formation and volcanic activity on its surface.
  • It is the first attempt by any nation to retrieve samples from the moon since the 1970s.
  • A successful landing in Inner Mongolia would make China only the third country to have retrieved lunar samples after the United States and the Soviet Union.
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