Chandrayan 3 – UPSC Prelims

Chandrayan 3:
  • Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft is the 3rd lunar exploration expedition by ISRO.
  • ISRO planned this spacecraft to exhibit India’s soft landing proficiency on a stellar body.
  • It will only consist of a rover and lander and will communicate to the earth via an orbiter from Chandrayaan 2.
  • The lander of ISRO’s Chandrayaan 3 will be powered by 4 throttle-able engines. In addition, it will be endowed with a Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV).
  • Background:
    • The Chandrayaan-2 mission aimed to land a rover (Pragyaan) on the lunar South Pole.
    • It was sent aboard the country’s most powerful geosynchronous launch vehicle, the GSLV-Mk 3.
    • However, lander Vikram, instead of a controlled landing, ended up crash-landing.
    • Had the Chandrayaan-2 mission been successful, it would have been the first time a country landed its rover on the moon in its maiden attempt.