Ceasefire Agreements with Naga Groups – UPSC Prelims

The Central Government extends the ceasefire agreement with three insurgent Naga groups of Nagaland for one more year i.e. till April 2022.
Which are those three insurgent groups of Nagaland? The ceasefire agreement is in operation between the Centre and the three insurgent groups of Nagaland namely:
  • National Socialist Council of Nagaland-NK (NSCN/NK)
  • National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Reformation (NSCN/R) and
  • National Socialist Council of Nagaland-K-Khango (NSCN/K-Khango).
National Socialist Council of Nagaland — Isak-Muivah(NSCN-IM):
  • The Peace negotiations with NSCN-IM have been on since 1997 when the group signed the ceasefire agreement with the central government for the first time.
  • In 2015, the group signed a Framework Agreement in the presence of the Prime Minister to find a permanent solution.
  • The agreement recognised the uniqueness of the Naga history and culture of Nagaland.
  • However, the talks with the NSCN-IM seem to be heading nowhere presently. The group has been insisting on a separate Naga flag and constitution.
National Socialist Council of Nagaland—Khaplang(NSCN-K)
  • The NSCN-K had signed a ceasefire agreement with the Centre in 2001. However,  it unilaterally abrogated it in 2015 when the group attacked a military convoy in Manipur in 2015 killing 18 soldiers.
  • In December 2020, the NSCN-K had again announced a ceasefire and said that the outfit has contacted the central government to initiate a peace dialogue.
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