Bonda Tribe – UPSC Prelims

Bonda Tribe:
  • Bonda tribes are one of the 13 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) found in Odisha.
  • Origin: 
    • Bonda tribes are members of a group of Austro-Asiatic tribes.
    • They are believed to be part of the first wave of migration out of Africa about 60,000 years ago.
    • They are the first forest settlers in India.
  • Culture: The Bondas have retained their identity and culture despite external interventions over the years.
  • Occupation: They are primarily forest dwellers. They perform hunting and foraging for food in the wild.
  • Matriarchal society: The women prefer to marry men who are younger by at least 5-10 years. This is done because the men can earn for them when they grow old.
  • Dressing style: Women are semi-clad and wear various types of rings and necklaces around their bodies. The men on the other hand carry lethal bows and arrows.
  • Language: They continue to speak in their language, Remo. It comes under the Austro-Asiatic language belonging to the Mundari group.
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