Biological Weapons – UPSC Prelims

What is a Biological Weapon?
  • Biological weapons use microbiological agents (such as bacteria, viruses or fungi) or toxins to intentionally cause death or harm to humans, animals, or plants.
  • Related Initiatives:
    • The 1925 Geneva Protocol banned the use of biological weapons in war.
    • India ratified the Geneva Convention in 1950.
    • Subsequently, the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC)which entered into force in 1975 prohibited the development, production, stockpiling, acquisition and retention of biological weapons.
    • India ratified this in 1974.
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