Labour Force Data Survey Report – UPSC GS3

  • Farm Employment: A sharp decline was seen in the farm works among young adults. Less than 10% of young adults (aged 20-29 years) in states such as Punjab, Haryana, and Tamil Nadu work on farms.
  • Non-Farm Employment shows a disappointing result: Tamil Nadu has the highest ratio of non-farm employment of young adults at 41.5% in 2018-19. In Karnataka also, it is rising rapidly. In states like Kerala and UP, the ratio has fallen over time.
  • Unemployment: It is rising by double digits in many states, among young adults.
  • Zero unemployment among men who crossed 30’s: It seems they have accepted any job because of their age group.
  • Enrolment in higher education: There is an increase in the proportion of young adults in higher education. Around 18% of young adults in Haryana and 20% in Kerala reported being in education in 2018-19. Even the less prosperous states like Bihar and UP, shown a high proportion of young adults in education, delaying their entry into the workforce.
  • The employment to population ratio among young adults in India has declined to 43.4% in 2018-19 from 63% in 2004-05.
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