COP26 : India’s Glasgow commitment status – UPSC GS3

Current Status
Target 1
India will reach its non-fossil energy capacity to  500 GW by 2030.
Non-fossil fuels include not just renewables like  solar or wind but also nuclear and hydro. According to the 2020 Central  Electricity Authority’s report, India’s non-fossil installed capacity in 2019  was 134 GW and is projected to reach 817 GW by 2030.
Target 2
India will meet 50 percent of its energy  requirements from renewable energy by 2030.
By November 2020, the share of renewables, including  large hydropower, in total installed electrical capacity had already crossed  36%. Therefore, taking this target to 50% is not difficult.
Target 3
India will reduce the total projected carbon  emissions by one billion tonnes from now on till 2030.
This means that India would bend its  business-as-usual emissions trajectory to ensure at least 1 billion tonnes of  emissions are saved.
Target 4
By 2030, India will reduce the carbon intensity of  its economy by less than 45 percent.
According to India’s third Biennial Update Report,  by 2016, the emissions’ intensity of GDP had fallen by 24% compared to 2005.  (This estimate excludes agriculture sector emissions).
Difficult (Will impact  growth and development)
Target 5
By the year 2070, India will achieve the target of  Net Zero.
This means that come 2070, India will not add a  single particle of carbon into the atmosphere (or rather, it will capture and  store all the particles it releases).
Difficult (Severe  impact on growth and development)
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