Atmanirbhar Bharat : Action Plan – UPSC GS3

Vocal for local

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave a call to fellow Indians to be “Vocal for Local” in May.
  • This includes not only to buy and use local products but to also take pride in promoting them.


1) Imports from China

  • Serious challenge to Atmanirbhar mission is country’s $65 billion worth of imports from China alone.
  • Most of these imports are of essential items — raw materials, components and intermediates required in producing finished goods.
  • For example, the pharmaceuticals sector imports nearly 70 per cent of its raw material and drug intermediates.
  • It may not be feasible to replace all Chinese imports in the near future.
  • It may also be debatable if the end goal is to replace the entire chain of imports from a country.
  • Nevertheless, experts and industrialists do assert that the ANBA is an excellent initiative and gives India the opportunity to embark on the self-reliance drive.

2) Struggling MSMEs

  • A major part of the Vocal for Local mission rests on the MSMEs, which has been seen as struggling for survival.
  • But the reforms announced as part of the ANBA should put them on a stronger footing.
  • One immediate fallout of these measures will be creation of large scale employment opportunities for both the skilled and unskilled workforce.
  • A stronger manufacturing base will also lead to positive spinoffs related to the supply-purchase of local raw material and capacity building of allied manufacturing units.

Way forward

  • First, an umbrella action plan should be drawn by the NITI Aayog listing all targets under the ANBA and the Vocal for Local Mission.
  • A monitoring agency will review and suggest course correction to ensure that no delay is allowed to build.
  • Second, each state/UT will develop an action plan in consonance with the umbrella plan.
  • A separate organisation created by each state will be responsible for the implementation of the action plan
  • Such organisation should also conduct regular studies to identify local and global market trends and invite competitive solutions to meet market demands.
  • Third, each district (or a group of districts) will work out a more detailed action plan, and charter of responsibilities for ground level officers and departments.


The ANBA is a mission to empower the people of India. It will in all likelihood become a benchmark of how governments and their various organisations can work in a mission mode.
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