Women participation in workforce – UPSC GS1

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has noted a drop in women’s participation in the workforce.
  • According to the Periodic Labour Force Survey reports released by the National Statistical Office, women’s participation in the workforce “fell to its lowest points since independence in the year 2017-18.
  • The most major decline was seen since 2004, from 29.4% to 17.5% in 2017-18
  • The decline has marginally increased to 18.6% in the year 2018-19.
  • NHRC would issue guidelines to the government to improve the participation of women in the workforce.
  • The expert group met to discuss the reasons for the low participation of women in the workforce.
Suggestions to improve participation in the workforce:
  • Investments must be encouraged in the care economy while having a regulatory mechanism.
  • While there already exists a law against sexual harassment, much more needs to be done in terms of ensuring its implementation and providing better working conditions.
  • Gender sensitivity must be ensured at workplaces.
  • Equal sharing of household work will help in increasing the participation of women in the workforce.
  • It was suggested that an urban employment guarantee scheme be started along the lines of the MGNREGA with a reservation for women.
  • There is a need for skilling and encouraging women to take up unconventional jobs like drivers and electricians.
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