India Vs Bangladesh : Stats on Women – UPSC GS1

According to the WEF’s Global Gender Gap Report for 2021, India is ranked at number 140 out of 156 nations. It is a drop of 28 places compared to last year. While Bangladesh is the best performer in South Asia, ranked 65th.
Comparison between India and Bangladesh
  • Indicators where Bangladesh doing better than India-
    • Sex ratio at birth: Bangladesh is ranked first in the world for ‘sex ratio at birth,’ whereas India is ranked 152nd.
    • Literacy rate: Bangladesh is much ahead in the female-male ratio in literacy rate.
    • Labour force participation: Bangladesh has a 0.46 female-to-male ratio, whereas India has a 0.28 female-to-male ratio.
    • Wage equality for similar work: On a 1-7 scale, the equality of wages between men and women for similar work in India is 3.38 compared to 4.09 in Bangladesh.
    • Estimated earned income: The female-male ratio in India is 0.21, whereas in Bangladesh it is 0.40. This suggests that, in comparison to India, Bangladeshi women have a larger percentage of paid jobs with comparable salaries than their male counterparts.
    • Women in parliament: Bangladesh has a higher female-to-male parliamentarian ratio (0.26) than India (0.17).
    • Women as head of the state:  Bangladesh has attained equality (1), whereas India is at 0.45.
  • Indicators where India doing better than Bangladesh:
    • Senior position jobs (Legislators, Senior Officials, and Managers): In India, the ratio of women to men in senior posts is 0.17, whereas, in Bangladesh, it is 0.12.
    • Technical and professional workers: India (0.41) is also better in terms of female-male ratio for ‘professional and technical work’, as compared to Bangladesh (0.32).
    • Enrolment in tertiary level education: India has done much better in enrolment in tertiary education.
    • Women in ministerial positions:  Ratio is 0.08 in Bangladesh and 0.1 in India.
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