Environment for Prelims

Volatile Organic Molecules – UPSC Prelims

Volatile Organic Molecules: VOCs are carbon-containing chemicals released by petrol and diesel vehicles. They impact air quality and human health. VOCs can have a natural origin, too. Plants emit these chemicals to attract pollinators, defend themselves from pests and predators and adapt to environmental stress. Effect of VOCs on Health: VOCs can irritate the eyes, nose and throat, damage body organs …

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Golden Langur – UPSC Prelims

Golden Langur: Golden langur are found only in Assam and Bhutan. They are highly dependent on trees, living in the upper canopy of forests. They are also known as leaf monkeys. IUCN Status: Endangered They are Schedule-I species under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. Kakoijana Reserve Forest is one of the better-known homes of the golden langur.

Wildlife Sanctuary Vs Reserve Forest Vs Community Forest Resource – UPSC Prelims

Wildlife Sanctuary: It is the place that is reserved exclusively for wildlife use, which includes animals, reptiles, insects, birds, etc. wild animals, especially those in danger of extinction and the rare ones, so that they can live in peace for a lifetime and keep their population viable. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 empowers the central and state …

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Basai Wetland – UPSC Prelims

Basai Wetland: The Basai wetlands is a 250 acre shallow wetland located close to Gurugram city. It is recognized as a key biodiversity area by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the Wildlife Institute of India and the BirdLife International, a global network of NGOs that work to protect bird habitats. It has shrunk to a quarter of its original …

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Sariska Tiger Reserve – UPSC Prelims

Sariska Tiger Reserve: Sariska Tiger Reserve is located in the Aravalli Hills, Alwar district, Rajasthan. The park has populations of tigers, leopards, Nilgai, Sambar, chital, etc. It shelters a large population of Indian peafowl, crested serpent eagles, sand grouse, golden backed woodpeckers, great Indian horned owls, tree pies, vultures and many others. It was given the status of a tiger reserve …

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Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary – UPSC Prelims

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary: Location: Located in Kerala, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS) is an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Spread over 344.44 sq km, WWS is contiguous to the tiger reserves of Nagerhole and Bandipur of Karnataka and Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu. Kabini river (a tributary of Cauvery river) flows through the sanctuary. Formation: It was declared a Sanctuary in …

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Kakoijana Bamuni Hill Wildlife Sanctuary – UPSC Prelims

Kakoijana Bamuni Hill Wildlife Sanctuary: Kakaijana Wildlife Sanctuary or Kakoijana Reserve Forest is situated on the banks of river Aie. Its most famous inhabitants are the golden langurs which are native to western Assam and along the Indo-Bhutan border region. The area is mostly covered with mixed wood subtropical moist deciduous forests with teak plantations, …

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Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary – UPSC Prelims

Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary: Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Jhajjar district of Haryana. In 2009, it was declared as a bird sanctuary by the Indian Government. The sanctuary is an important part of the ecological corridor along the route of Sahibi River which traverses from Aravalli hills in Rajasthan to the Yamuna. The sanctuary is located just 1.5 km from Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuary is an …

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