Health

Malnutrition in India

Facts: India has very high burden of malnutrition. According to National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS-4), 38.% of India’s children aged less than 5 years are stunted (less height for their age), 21% are wasted (less weight for their height) and 35.7% are underweight. Between 2005-06 (when NFHS-3 was conducted) and 2015-16 (when NFHS-4 was conducted) …

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Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Abhiyan (PMJAA) : Analysis

PMJAA The government-sponsored health insurance scheme will provide free treatment for up to Rs.5 lakh a family a year in any government or empanelled private hospitals all over India. Meant to help the poor and the economically deprived, the scheme will be available for 10.74 crore beneficiary families and about 50 crore Indian citizens. Read …

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Hepatitis

  Hepatitis is a medical condition in which there occurs inflammation of liver cells and its complications vary with type of infection. There are 5 types of hepatitis viz. A, B, C, D and E. Each type is caused by a different hepatitis virus. Hepatitis viruses is one of the common cause of liver damage. Hepatitis …

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Polio

Poliomyelitis (polio) is a highly infectious viral disease, which mainly affects young children below age of 5. The virus is transmitted from person-to-person. It mainly spreads through the faecal-oral route (e.g. contaminated water or food). After entering body, it multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis. …

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Obesity in India

Facts: Global Nutrition Report 2016 ranks India at 11th position in under 5 obesity and 21st position in adult obesity and overweight category. India has the second highest number of obese children in the world after China, according to an study which found that 14.4 million kids in the country have excess weight. The prevalence …

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Oxytocin

 What is Oxytocin? It is a female hormone It has also been dubbed the love hormone, hug hormone, cuddle chemical, moral molecule, and the bliss hormone due to its effects on behavior, including its role in love and in female reproductive biological functions in reproduction. Oxytocin is a hormone that is made in the brain, …

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CRISPR /Cas9

Crispr/Cas9 is related to genome editing.  (Genome: Complete DNA sequence) CRISPR stands for clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats In simple terms, a DNA sequence is cut at a particular spot and then with help of a guide RNA (gRNA) that place is re-made with desired base pairing. This way genes can be altered. It allows …

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Arsenic Contamination

  Arsenic is a natural component in the earth’s crust. It is widely distributed throughout the environment in the air, water and land. It is highly toxic in its inorganic form. Contaminated water used for drinking, irrigation of food crops and food preparation poses the greatest threat to public health from arsenic Long-term exposure to …

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