Security

Black Money : Reforms

Underreporting of income: 61 individuals has declared an income of more than Rs 100 crore during the assessment year 2017-18. Even though the numbers have increased sharply from the 38 individuals reporting income over Rs 100 Crore in the previous assessment year, it is still a minuscule number in a population of 1.3 billion Indians. …

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Steps to Address Cross-Border Infiltration

The cross-border infiltration and illegal immigration are posing serious security threats to both internal and external security. The government has undertaken following steps to arrest the cross-border infiltration: Multipronged approach to check infiltration by patrolling; sharing of intelligence and conduct of joint operations; erection of border fencing; installation of border floodlights; use of watercrafts/boats and …

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Khalistan Liberation Force

Why in news? The government has banned Khalistan Liberation Force (KLF) under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) for its involvement in several killings, bombings and other terror activities during its violent campaign for the secession of Punjab. The ban comes in the backdrop of various agencies unearthing several KLF modules in recent months which has …

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Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) aims at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India, provides unrestricted powers to law enforcement agencies for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India. The law imposes reasonable restrictions on exercise of freedom of speech and expression, to assemble peaceably without arms and to form associations …

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Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines [Amendment] Rules), 2018

The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology has released draft Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines [Amendment] Rules), 2018. Provisions under the new rules The new rules are largely in conformity with developments on this front in various cases before the Supreme Court in recent months. The important provisions of these draft rules are: Social media platforms …

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IT Act : 10 Agencies notified to monitor data

Context: The Union government has notified 10 Central Agencies giving them the power to intercept, monitor and decrypt all the data contained in “any” computer system in India.  The Cyber and Information Security Division under the Home ministry issued this notification. Agencies: The 10 agencies authorised by the central government are Intelligence Bureau, Narcotics Control …

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Hashimpura massacre

Why in news? More than 31 years after 38 Muslims from Hashimpura were rounded up and shot dead by the Uttar Pradesh Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC), the Delhi High Court sent 16 former jawans to life imprisonment, holding them guilty of murder. Hashimpura Massacare The incident took place in the evening hours of May 22, …

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