Polity

Legislative Council

Legislative Council India has bicameral system of legislature. Just as Parliament has two Houses, States can have Legislative Council (LC) in addition to the Legislative Assembly if they choose to. This option is available under Article 171 of the Constitution.   Constitutional provisions:  Under Article 169, legislative council can be formed if state legislative assembly …

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No-Confidence Motion

In a parliamentary democracy, government can be in power only if it commands majority in directly elected House. Article 75(3) of our Constitution of India embodies this rule by specifying that Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to Lok Sabha. But there is no mention of a no-confidence motion in the constitution. The Rule 198 of …

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Electoral bonds

The electoral bonds scheme was announced in Union Budget 2017 with an aim for increasing transparency in political funding. It makes India first country in the world to have such unique bonds for electoral funding. These bonds are bearer instrument in nature of promissory note and interest-free banking instrument. It aims at rooting out current …

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Model Code of Conduct

What is MCC? These are the guidelines issued by the Election Commission of India for conduct of political parties and candidates during elections mainly with respect to speeches, polling day, polling booths, election manifestos, processions and general conduct.   Aim: To ensure free and fair elections.   When it comes into force? The Model Code …

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Sixth Schedule : Autonomous District Council

About Autonomous district council: As per the Sixth Schedule, the four states viz. Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram contain the Tribal Areas which are technically different from the Scheduled Areas. Though these areas fall within the executive authority of the state, provision has been made for the creation of the District Councils and regional councils for the exercise …

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Governor : Discretion

Controversies: TN Governor has come under intense scrutiny for not inviting AIADMK interim general secretary V.K. Sasikala to form the government despite the fact that her faction commanded a majority in the Legislative Assembly. Decision on the remission of seven convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case. Discretionary Powers: Article 161 of the Constitution provides …

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Zonal Councils

What are Zonal Councils? Zonal councils have been established by the Parliament to promote interstate cooperation and coordination. They are statutory bodies established under the States Reorganisation Act 1956 and not constitutional bodies. They are only deliberative and advisory bodies   How many Zonal Councils are there? There are 5 five Zonal councils namely: The Northern Zonal Council, comprising the …

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Special Category States

Special Category status: The concept of SCS was first introduced in 1969 by Fifth Finance Commission. It has been not mentioned in Constitution.  The rationale for special status was that certain states were historically disadvantaged in contrast to others, because of their inherent features, low resource base and cannot mobilize resources for development. The decision to …

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