Modern Indian History

Salt Satyagraha

Historical Background of the Salt Satyagraha From the very beginning of British Rule in India, the salt tax was considered to be a good source of income. The beginning was made in the form of ‘land rent’ and ‘transit charges’, and in 1762, it was consolidated into duty. As a result of the duty, India …

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Rajkumar Shukla

Raj Kumar Shukla was born on 23rd August 1875 in Satwaria village of Champaran in Bihar. He a famous Indigo cultivator of Champaran and he was a money lender as well. He rose to fame for his close association with Gandhiji during the Champaran Satyagraha. Raj Kumar Shukla convinced Mahatma Gandhi to visit Champaran, which …

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Veer Surendra Sai

He was freedom fighter and tribal leader, born in 1809 in small town Khinda in Sambalpur (now in Odisha). He was direct descendant from Madhukar Sai and was legally entitled to be crowned as king of Sambalpur after demise of king Maharaja Sai in 1827. But he was not acceptable to British power and ignored …

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Azad Hind Government

Azad Hind Government was founded in Singapore on October 21, 1943. It was India’s first independent government established by Indian nationalists-in-exile during latter part of WWII in Singapore with monetary, military and political assistance from Imperial Japan. It was a part of political freedom movement originating in 1940s outside India with purpose of allying with …

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Quit India Movement

Quit India Movement (Bharat Chhodo Andolan or August Movement or August Kranti) was an important milestone in the Indian freedom struggle. It was civil disobedience movement launched at Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee (AICC) by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942 demanding an end to British Rule of India. It was launched after …

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Paika Rebellion

Who were Paikas? Paiks were the traditional landed militia of Odisha, used to perform policing functions. They owned rent-free land that was given to them for their military service to Kingdom of Khurda. However they were rendered landless by the policies of British East India Company. Paika Rebellion: Paika Rebellion of 1817 is an armed …

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