International

Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR)

The Defence Minister of India inaugurated IFC-IOR in Gurugram. The IFC for Indian Ocean Region has the primary objective of jointly monitoring the vast Indian Ocean Region. The Indian Ocean which is increasingly becoming the bone of contention between different countries, also suffers threats from natural disasters, piracy, terrorism and trafficking. IFC-IOR will provide a way …

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Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)

CAATSA stands for “Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act” This punitive act was signed by President Donald Trump in August 2017. It mandates US administration to impose sanctions on any country carrying out significant defence and energy trade with sanctioned entities in North Korea, Iran and Russia. This is an act by the Congress, thus …

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OPEC

OPEC stands for Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries Founded in 1960 in Bagdad HQ : Vienna 15 members Algeria, Angola, Congo Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar (Will withdraw from OPEC in Jan 2019), Saudi Arabia(the de facto leader), United Arab Emirates, and Venezuela. Gabon has rejoined OPEC in July 2016 Indonesia …

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Kimberley Process

Kimberley Process is joint initiative of governments, industry and civil societies to stem flow of ‘conflict diamonds’, rough diamonds used by rebel groups to finance wars against legitimate governments. It is also described in United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions. India is one of the founding members of KPCS. At present, KPCS has 54 members representing …

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International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

ITU is the United Nations specialised agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs). Members: 193 countries + 800 private-sector entities and academic institutions. HQ: Geneva, Switzerland. ITU is responsible for allocating global radio spectrum and satellite orbits. It also develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies to seamlessly interconnect. It also strives to improve access to ICTs …

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United Nations TIR (Transports Internationaux Routiers) Convention

Also called Customs Convention on International Transport of Goods under Cover of TIR Carnets, 1975 (TIR Convention) It is an international customs transit system under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) with the widest geographical coverage. It is more than a transport convention. At present, there are 70 parties to the convention including the …

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